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Advanced dental disease

This lateral skull radiograph of a Netherland Dwarf shows the typical changes of the advanced stages of dental disease. There is apical elongation of all the teeth. The occlusal relationship of the upper and lower teeth is abnormal. The teeth have an amorphous structure rather than having a distinct pulp cavity and lines of enamel. The white line (lamina dura) that outlines the socket is irregular or absent. These teeth will be growing slowly or not at all. There is contact between the upper and lower teeth so they will have some function but the teeth are not good enough to bite through hay and other tough foods.